This information is in English
Oslo is the capital of Norway and constitutes together with Akershus county a region with one million inhabitants. A common public transport system serving this population, has over the years developed a heavy need for major improvements.
In 1990, the Oslo Toll Ring was established in order to help finance the development of the main road system in the Oslo-region, Oslopakke 1. Twenty percent of the revenue from Oslopakke 1 has been allocated to improve public transport, specifically bus, tram and metro.
In 2001 local and national authorities approved the financing principles and economic framework for Oslopakke 2. Oslopakke 2 is a plan for new and upgraded infrastructure and rolling stock for public transport in Oslo and Akershus. Oslopakke 2 will provide finance through extra surcharges on both public transport customers and road users.
A need for major improvements
The public transport system requires major improvements due to:
- growth in population and traffic congestion
- old infrastructure and worn out rolling stock
- inadequate capacity and poor punctuality
- serious environmental problems
- road capacity expansion schemes alone can not solve these transport issues
The main challenge is therefore to improve public transport sufficiently so that growth in the number of trips made on the road network is significantly reduced.
Reduction of the environmental cost of road traffic due to air pollution and noise, deterioration of central urban areas, land use for transportation infrastructure, and local environmental problems would benefit everyone in the region.
Public transportation standards
Improvement projects are to meet the following public transportation standards:
- increased speed, safety, regularity and functionality
- more seats and better comfort
- higher frequency on the main network
- public transport provision for new residential and workplace areas
- better coordinated timetables for buses and trains
- improved transfer between different modes of public transports and more attractive stations and bus stops
Local political initiative – local and national funding
In 1996, the municipality of Oslo and Akershus county council jointly presented the Oslopakke 2 proposal to the Norwegian parliament. A local plan for infrastructure financing and new vehicle stock was presented in 1997.
Parliament and the government approved the financing principles in 2000, and the economic framework in 2001.
In 2001, the local authorities approved the financing principles and the economic framework given by the national authorities and prioritisation of infrastructure projects for 2002-2005.
Oslopakke 2 is a financial plan for new and upgraded infrastructure and rolling stock for public transport in Oslo and Akershus.
- 71 % of the investment will be financed over the National Budget (Rail Infrastructure and Road Infrastructure)
- 5 % will be financed over Oslo's budget
- 3 % will be financed by property developers
- 21 % will be financed by payments from transport and road users
User payments – «Oslopakke 2»
Public transport users contrbute 1,3 billion NOK in the period 2001–2011, on average 0,75 NOK surcharge per trip. Road users contribute 1,3 billion NOK extra in the period 2001–2007, on average 2 NOK surcharge per trip. The surcharges were introduced November 1, 2001.
Main project categories
60 percent of the investment will be on improvements to and expansion of National rail infrastructure in the period 2002–2011, 8 percent will be spent on new rolling stock and approximately 30 percent will be spent on local infrastructure such as metro, multimode terminals and traffic flow measures (bus-lanes, signal control).
The West Corridor railway project and the building of a new Metro Circle Line are the two most prominent projects in «Oslopakke 2» in the first period.
West Corridor railway projects
Main railway projects in the west corridor will include an additional double track Asker-Skøyen, and upgrading of Lysaker station. The new double track will improve capacity in the network, reduce travel time and improve comfort. Parallel existing and new tracks will be connected at four stations. Construction work is to be completed by 2011.
New Metro Circle Line
The new Metro Circle line will be built in two stages:
- First stage: Ullevål stadium – Storo, 3,3 kilometre, to be opened in 2003
- Second stage: Storo – Car Berner, 1,7 kilometre, to be opened in 2006
- Preliminary cost estimate: around 900 million NOK
- Length: 5 kilometre (4 kilometre tunnel)
The new link will have three new stations and two upgraded stations, establishing the capitals frst Metro circle line, to provide a new, effective transportation.
New rolling stock
Ticket surcharge on public transportation will be used to purchase new rolling stock/increased seat capacity: around 40 metro-carriages and around 10 train/carriage combinations for suburban trains.